The Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) was established in 1998 as a means for the federal and provincial governments to share the benefits of immigration across the country. Provinces can hand-pick individuals who they believe would help them flourish economically and suggest to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) that they be granted permanent residence status.
Over 80 PNP streams are available to recruit workers, graduates, and entrepreneurs. Except for Nunavut and Quebec (which have their own economic-class programmes), every province and territory offers the PNP. Each programme is tailored to the province’s specific labour force requirements.
Why does Canada need provincial nomination?
The federal and provincial governments share responsibility for immigration in Canada. The provinces, on the other hand, have had little power in Canada for most of its history. As a result, the provinces of Ontario, British Columbia, and Quebec became the most popular destinations for newcomers to Canada.
In rural Canada, the prairie provinces, and Atlantic Canada, the benefits of immigration were limited. The PNP was created to provide municipalities across Canada with a tool to help them recruit and retain more newcomers. It has been shown to be successful, and in 2022 and 2023, it will be Canada’s main economic class track.
How does Provincial Nominee Program work?
Base PNP stream nomination
A PNP can be used in two ways to get permanent residency. The first is through a PNP stream that is referred to as a base PNP stream. When a candidate applies directly to a PNP stream, this is the case.
If all of the eligibility conditions for the PNP stream are met, the province will examine the application and send a letter of nomination to the individual. The individual must then apply to the Immigration and Refugee Council of Canada (IRCC) for permanent residence. According to the Immigration and Refugee Council of Canada (IRCC), candidates who pick a base PNP for coming to Canada may expect the permanent residence application process to take an average of 27 months.
Enhanced Provincial Nominee Program stream nomination
An improved nomination is the second option for obtaining permanent residence through a PNP. The federal Express Entry application management system is in sync with the enhanced PNP streams.
Candidates who qualify for an Express Entry programme, such as the Federal Skilled Workers Program (FSWP), Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP), or the Canadian Experience Class (CEC), might improve their chances of receiving an Invitation to Apply (ITA) by securing a provincial nomination.
Provincial governments can see a candidate’s online Express Entry profile and determine whether or not they are a good fit for their jurisdiction. Candidates for Express Entry can also declare in their profile if they want to settle in a certain province.
A province may then send a candidate a notification of interest, indicating that the candidate is invited to file for provincial nomination.
If an applicant accepts the position, they must then apply to the province. They will receive a letter of nomination and 600 points in the Comprehensive Ranking System if they meet all of the programme conditions (CRS). This virtually ensures an ITA from IRCC and raises the likelihood of permanent residency. Six months is the normal processing time for Express Entry applications.
The benefits of the PNP
Canada’s over eighty PNP streams provide applicants extra alternatives than ever to benefit from everlasting residence. Eligibility standards are extensive and there are numerous alternatives to be had catering to applicants with various human capital traits which includes age, education, language skills, or painting experience. Research additionally indicates the PNP facilitates the sale of the financial established order of newcomers. The PNPs have demonstrated to be a successful approach to attracting professional people to provinces that traditionally do now no longer have massive immigrant populations, which includes the prairies and Atlantic provinces. By providing committed provincial pathways, just like they currently introduced software for healthcare people in Saskatchewan, provinces are capable of fill gaps withinside the personnel even as providing professional careers to newcomers. In large provinces including Alberta, Ontario, and British Columbia wherein immigration stages are already high, PNPs assist goal precise provincial labour marketplace desires in industries which include generation and healthcare.