The Parents and Grandparents Program (PGP), less accessible than the Super Visa because of its lottery system selection process and once-a-year availability, enables parents and grandparents of permanent residents and citizens to immigrate to Canada and enjoy the benefits of PR and even citizenship.
The Super Visa serves as a temporary resident visa (TRV), enabling grandparents and parents of Canadian PRs and citizens to enter and stay there permanently (up to 10 years validity, with five years continuous stay). Although it is always available, it does not give parents or grandparents the same opportunities for PR and citizenship as the PGP.
Candidates must meet the following requirements in order to sponsor their parents or grandparents under either programme:
- At least 18 years old;
- A Canadian citizen, or PR;
- Residing in Canada at the time of application and when parents/grandparents are expected to arrive;
- Of good financial standing
In addition to failure to comply with the eligibility criteria, candidates will also be ineligible for either program if they:
- Did not repay an immigration debt, a performance bond, or family support (such as alimony or child support) that a court-mandated;
- Did not offer the promised financial assistance they pledged to while previously sponsoring a family member;
- Fall under any other ineligibility criteria.
For the Super Visa, candidates will have to prove that their household meets the required Low-Income Cut-Off (LICO) criteria.
Candidates for the PGP should aim to satisfy the Minimum Necessary Income (MNI) standards for the programme. Before applying, candidates must demonstrate their financial stability by seeking a Notice of Assessment (NOA) from the Canadian Revenue Agency (CRA) and demonstrating that the sponsor has met the MNI for their case for the previous three tax years.
The application procedure for Super Visa sponsorship is comparable to that for a regular TRV. However, in order to demonstrate that parents or grandparents can be taken care of while in Canada, more evidence is required.
Candidates must complete the requirements for the PGP, demonstrate their eligibility, and then submit this information to be added to the candidate pool. Candidates that are chosen will be sent an invitation to apply, which includes further instructions.
The sponsored individuals cannot be criminally or medically unable to enter Canada for either the PGP or the Super Visa. Both programmes require an Immigration Medical Exam (IME), and the PGP additionally needs a police clearance.
Availability in Quebec
Both programmes are open to Quebec residents and citizens as well, but there are additional requirements, such as the need to obtain a Quebec Selection Certificate and use a special MNI system (for both sponsors and sponsored) (CSQ).